Reflexiones amateur sobre racismo y clasismo en comunidades LGBT

*Este texto se publicó originalmente en The Huffington Post.

El mes pasado estuve en Los Ángeles por primera vez. Fui a la segunda edición del National People of Color Media Institute de GLAAD, un proyecto que la organización lanzó para reunir a personas lesbianas, gays, bisexuales y transgénero de color que trabajan en diferentes temas y comunidades, permitir que compartan sus experiencias, e impulsar su potencial como defensores y voceros de esas comunidades. El objetivo de GLAAD con este instituto y con su programa Voices of Color, a cargo de Daryl Hannah, es que haya más rostros negros, latinos y asiáticos en nuestros diarios, revistas, blogs, programas de radio y televisión. Tuve el honor de ser el primer participante extranjero.

brenda monica enrique

Brenda del Río (Bienestar), Monica Trasandes (GLAAD) y Enrique Torre Molina.

El trabajo que GLAAD ha hecho durante casi 30 años para que los medios sean un espacio más inclusivo con personas LGBT (en Estados Unidos y cada vez más en otros lugares), y para que las historias LGBT tengan más presencia y poder en esos medios, no debe subestimarse. Sin embargo, las personas LGBT de color no tienen suficiente visibilidad en medios tradicionales. Yo diría que ni siquiera en medios LGBT. Veamos, por ejemplo, algunos personajes gays en series de televisión actuales: Louis en Partners, Kurt en Glee, Bryan en The New Normal, Cam y Mitch en Modern Family. Todos hombres blancos.

De acuerdo con el reporte de 2012 Opinión y Discurso Público sobre las Intersecciones de Asuntos LGBT y Raza, publicado por The Opportunity Agenda, los asuntos LGBT tienen pocas menciones en medios latinos en Estados Unidos, aunque la Proposición 8 de California en 2008 detonó una cobertura más amplia de asuntos LGBT en dichos medios. No sorprende, considerando la gran población de latinos en el estado. El reporte también señala que mucha de “la retórica, los insultos y el lenguaje despectivo anti-LGBT encontrados en este monitoreo de medios viene de comentarios de usuarios en línea, no de los medios como tales.” Cuando blogueaba para VivirMexico.com, era común recibir comentarios absurdos y homofóbicos como “Los jotos son una mierda de personas. Los jotos mismos tienen la culpa de que se les discrimine. Su forma de actuar es cagante y llega a ser en ocasiones irrespetuosa. Si son putos me vale madres, que se cojan entre ellos y punto, pero los amanerados me dan asco.”

Me cuesta trabajo traducir a nuestra experiencia en México el concepto de “personas de color” (“people of color“) con el peso y el significado que tiene. Raza y racismo no son temas presentes en los medios, mucho menos en conversaciones diarias fuera de la pantalla. Con frecuencia pensamos en México como una sociedad libre de racismo. Pero la discriminación más fuerte contra personas negras, por ejemplo, no es ignorar esa exclusión sino asumir que no existen aquí, excepto por uno que otro modelo en pasarelas de semanas de la moda. El Consejo Nacional para Prevenir la Discriminación (Conapred) ha investigado y difundido información sobre discriminación contra afrodescendientes. Fuera de eso, son prácticamente invisibles. De acuerdo con Jonathan Orozco, del área de comunicación de Conapred, no hay números oficiales sobre la comunidad afrodescendiente en México. Lo mismo que las personas LGBT, por cierto: no sabemos exactamente cuántos hay, en qué trabajan, dónde viven, etc.

Excepto por un par de piezas periodísticas o documentales sobre los muxes de Oaxaca, no recuerdo haber visto a nadie que sea LGBT e indígena en pantalla. Y no pronostico que suceda pronto, si incluso los cadeneros de algunos bares y antros gays son responsables de dejar fuera a personas con “apariencia indígena”.

He crecido en un contexto privilegiado, tuve un proceso de salir del clóset prácticamente libre de drama, tengo familiares gays y lesbianas, vivo en la única ciudad del país donde puedo casarme con mi novio, y aun así he experimentado una sociedad homofóbica. Apenas puedo imaginarme cómo son las cosas para alguien en el otro extremo del México racista y clasista.

¿Dónde están todas esas caras en las páginas de revistas, en anuncios de sitios de ligue por internet, en programas de televisión? Para un grupo que es blanco de tanta intolerancia, los medios LGBT podemos hacer un mejor trabajo abordando esos otros tipos de discriminación que existen al interior de nuestra comunidad.


An amateur’s reflection on racism, classism within LGBT communities

*This post was originally published on The Huffington Post‘s Gay Voices and Latino Voices.

Last month I was in Los Angeles for the first time. I attended GLAAD’s second edition of the National People of Color Media Institute, an awesome project GLAAD launched to bring together lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender people of color working on different issues and in different communities, have them share their experiences, and enhance their potential as advocates and spokespeople for those communities. The aim of GLAAD through this institute and their Voices of Color program, led by Daryl Hannah, is to bring more Black, Latino, and Asian faces to our newspapers, magazines, blogs, radio and television shows. I was honored to be the first non-U.S. resident who participated.

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Brenda del Rio from Bienestar, GLAAD’s Monica Trasandes, and Enrique Torre Molina.

The work GLAAD has done to make media a more inclusive space for LGBT people (in the U.S. and increasingly elsewhere), and to make LGBT stories more present and powerful in that media for almost 30 years, cannot be understated. However, LGBT people of color are not visible enough on mainstream media. And I would say not even on LGBT media. Look at, for example, gay characters who are on TV shows right now: Louis on Partners, Kurt on Glee, Bryan on The New Normal, Cam and Mitch on Modern Family. All white guys.

According to The Opportunity Agenda’s Public Opinion and Discourse on the Intersections of LGBT Issues and Race 2012 report, LGBT issues are under-reported in Latino media in the U.S., although California’s Proposition 8 in 2008 drove those media to have a wider coverage of LGBT issues. Not surprising, considering the large population of Latinos in the state. The report also points out that much “of the anti-LGBT rhetoric, slurs, and derogatory language found in this media scan come from users’ online comments, not from the media themselves.” When I blogged for VivirMexico.com, I would often get very homophobic, moronic comments from readers, such as “Fags are shitty people. Fags themselves are to be blamed of being discriminated against. Their attitude is annoying and some times disrespectful. If they’re fags I don’t care. Fuck with each other and that’s it, but the sissy ones are disgusting.”

I have a hard time translating the concept of “people of color” with all its heavy, powerful meaning to our experience in Mexico. Race and racism are not topics present on the media, much less on off-screen daily conversations. We often think of Mexico as a racism-free society. But the strongest form of discrimination against black people, for example, is not ignoring their exclusion but actually thinking there aren’t any here, except for the occasional model on a Mexico City fashion week runway. The National Council to Prevent Discrimination (Conapred) has done research and spread information on discrimination against people of African descent. Other than that, they are practically invisible. According to Jonathan Orozco, a communication staffer at Conapred, there are no official numbers on the African descent community living in Mexico. Same goes for LGBTs, by the way: we don’t know exactly how many of us are there, working as what, living where, etc.

Except for a couple of pieces or documentaries on the muxes living in Oaxaca, I can’t recall seeing anyone who was LGBT and indigenous on screen. And I don’t foresee it happening any time soon, if even bouncers at some gay bars and clubs are responsible for leaving “indigenous-looking” people out.

Growing up in a privileged background, having a mostly harmless coming-out process, being surrounded by other gays and lesbians in my family, and living in the only city in the country where I can marry my boyfriend has let me experience a homophobic society. I can only imagine what things are like for someone on the other end of racist, classist Mexico.

Where are all those faces in the pages of gay magazines, on the ads of hookup websites, on TV shows? For a group that is such a target of bigotry, we as LGBT media could do a lot better to address those other types of exclusion happening within our community.


Spirit Day en México

El viernes 19 de octubre se celebró el Spirit Day. En el tercer año de esta fecha, cada vez se suman más personas, organizaciones, empresas, medios de comunicación en diferentes partes del mundo. ¿Quién participó en México?

Las ausencias que me parecen más notables: las de organizaciones LGBT mexicanas. Ojalá el próximo año el apoyo en el país sea mayor y veamos involucrados a actores de otros ámbitos.


El Pollo y Pepe entran a un bar gay…

 

Primero, un recuento:

1. Iván García, medallista mexicano en Londres 2012, tuiteó esto:

2. De las reacciones que he leído, la de Pepe Flores en Vivir México es la que me parece más elocuente y atinada.

3. Algunos comentarios de lectores en el post de Pepe muestran desde las limitaciones de su criterio (el típico que asume que tanto Iván como Pepe son gays, y más importante, ¡reprimidos!) hasta la homofobia más barata que exige a los gays “portarse como hombres”, pasando por reacciones más simpáticas: concluir que, más que ofendidos, los gays están decepcionados porque Iván les gusta.

Iván tiene 18 años. Lo que le preocupa que la gente piense de él y la forma de expresarlo coincide seguramente con lo que piensan o dicen más chavos de su edad. Lo que diría cualquier preparatoriano o universitario, heterosexual o gay de clóset, si en su salón de clases corrieran rumores sobre su orientación sexual. Hasta aquí no creo que haya que quemar vivo al muchacho.

Pero, como señala Pepe, Iván no es cualquier preparatoriano o universitario. No es un tuitero más ni un joven más. Acaba de regresar a México con una medalla de plata al cuello que le da más notoriedad de la que tenía antes. Le guste o no, lo haya escogido no, le da también más responsabilidad ante los jóvenes que lo siguen y que lo toman como referencia de atleta, de éxito, de ejemplo a seguir.

Muchos de esos seguidores son, por cierto, gays. Por ejemplo, Matthew Mitcham (no sé si la imagen a la que enlazo es real o fue intervenida, pero ilustra muy bien este punto), que además es su colega. Para mí no es tanto que el tweet de Iván sea ofensivo por decir que los gays no son tan hombres. Me preocupa más que alguien considere que debe deslindarse de un rumor así. Porque, pues, ¿qué tendría de malo?

Hay otro punto que me parece todavía más interesante: el doble discurso de algunos quejosos. Es muy cierto que muchos activistas, blogueros, periodistas, tuiteros gays, y gays en general, queremos ir por la vida inmunes al asunto de la ofensa, de la discriminación, de la libertad de expresión. O sea que, por ejemplo, defendamos la prerrogativa de llamarnos ‘puto’, ‘joto’ o hablarnos en femenino entre nosotros, al mismo tiempo que reprobamos a quien lo hace sin ser parte del clan. Sobre todo si lo hace desde una posición de poder o notoriedad (un político, una celebridad, etcétera).

Supongo que habría que examinar caso por caso: quién lo dice, en qué contexto, con qué intención, a quién se refiere. Un poco como cuando un comediante judío hace chistes sobre judíos versus cuando lo hace un no judío. O un negro sobre negros versus un no negro. Y no, no creo que por ser parte de la minoría en cuestión uno tenga necesariamente más “permiso” de burlarse o hacer bromas del grupo. Más bien, ser parte de equis minoría te da, sí, un poquito más de elementos para opinar sobre ella y para que un chiste al respecto sea interpretado de manera distinta.

Lo que comento en los dos párrafos anteriores cambia todos los días. No dejo de preguntarme hasta dónde se vale, hasta cuándo es chistoso, a partir de qué punto conviene indignarse. Ojalá Iván se relaje un poco, le pierda miedo a chismes que no tendrían por qué serle amenazantes, y le pierda miedo a pedir una disculpa. Honesta. Válida. Cualquiera mete la pata.

Y hasta aquí llega mi intento por ordenar las ideas que me ha generado este caso. Que continúe la discusión.


Blabbeando with Andrés Duque

“I’m game!” That was Andrés Duque‘s response when I asked him for an interview.

I think I first came across Blabbeando shortly after I arrived in New York (where he is based) in 2008, and have been a faithful reader since. Andrés reports on LGBT issues with a smart, inquiring style. Always “thought-provoking and fun”, as he said he intended to on his first blog post. He is also a great interviewer and very amusing Twitter user.

Blabbeando has been included in The Gay & Lesbian Foundation Top 100 LGBT Blogs, nominated for the 2011 GLAAD Awards and The 2008 Weblog Awards.

What has been your experience as a Colombian, gay immigrant, blogger and activist? The immigrant experience is uniquely different for each and every person who comes to the United States so I would hesitate to say my own experience is representative to that of others. But I do think it’s imperative for those of us who did immigrate to this country to stand up for others –including undocumented immigrants- particularly now that the issue is being demonized and used to rile up political anger. It’s mind-boggling to see how people react to economic fears by misdirecting their anger on communities that are less protected than themselves instead of rightfully blaming the policies that created the current economic downturn.

Immigration, in fact, has been of great economic and social benefit to this country over the centuries. But it shouldn’t just be about benefits. It’s about being a more humane nation. There is no reason why the wealthiest nation in the world cannot provide opportunities for immigrants to develop their full potential regardless of economic or educational background.

Of course, if you are a lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) immigrant, the odds can be even worse if you come to this country on your own. The nation’s immigration policy is based on a federal family-reunification model that does not even recognize LGBT families. For many who might qualify otherwise, this means there are no legal options to become a naturalized citizen. It’s not that countries should not have an immigration policy. It’s that the current United States immigration policy is so absurd it actually acts against its best interests.

How did you get into blogging? I started blogging six years ago without really having a clear idea of what it was all about. But I had already noticed a few other blogs and their potential to shine a light on issues that were not being reported or debated in mainstream media. Obviously, I have always had a passion for anything Latino and/or LGBT and, from the start, that was my focus, but it was and still is a personal blog with a mix of stories, some of which do not have to do with the Latino LGBT community at all. In that sense, it took me a while to find my voice and find a comfortable writing rhythm.

Initially, I remember trying to use hyperlinks to document almost every single thing I mentioned in a blog post. It took a while for me to realize that most readers only wanted the basic information and a link or two to corroborate if I was properly describing the issue. There also was an additional obstacle: most English-language bloggers can simply point to a link and have people explore that link if they want additional information. For most news posts I rely on Spanish-language articles, which means I actually have to translate most of the background information into English as well, which can take a lot of time.

Besides having your own blog, do you collaborate with other media? There is a Germany-based media group that offers a feed to my blog posts as part of a media package that includes leading mainstream media from around the world. I also have great collaborative relationships with other online media sites including Latino gossip site Guanabee and pop culture site Racialicious which sometimes cross-posts some of my entries.

I am also grateful to count with support from some of the leading LGBT-news bloggers in the United States including Towleroad, Joe.My.God., After Elton, Pam’s House Blend, LGBT POV, The Bilerico Project, Queerty, Rod 2.0, Autostraddle and The New Civil Rights Movement, who often link up to my posts. It’s thanks to them and others that I enjoy a pretty wide readership out there. It is no coincidence that every one of these blogs mostly focus on LGBT news, politics and culture.

Not every blog writer posts a daily entry or multiple daily posts. I’m sure most people don’t even realize how much perseverance, dedication, personal sacrifice and time it takes a blogger to keep up that sort of blogging rhythm but it’s almost a Herculean task. And all the blogs I mentioned above manage to do that while sustaining their quality.

Which blogs do you follow the most or consider worth checking out? The blogs mentioned above are among my daily reads but there are other blogs that are not updated as frequently or might offer unique points of view. Among my favorites, and it might be an eclectic list, are TransGriot, which takes a look at LGBT issues from an African-American transgender woman’s perspective; Monaga, the thoughts of a U.S. expatriate from Harlem living in the Dominican Republic; Hairspray & Fideo, Mi blog es tu blog and Vivir Latino, three different takes on Latino life in the United States; This is fyf, a very specific snap-shot of modern NYC gay life and JockoHomo, which is, well, JockoHomo.

I also follow a few Spanish-language blogs, including Tengo un crush con Nuevallorrrr*, of course, as well as Pedro Julio Serrano (U.S./Puerto Rico), Vivir México (Mexico), Malbarracin (Colombia), Dos Manzanas (Spain), Lake (Argentina), AG Magazine (Argentina), Paquito el de Cuba (Cuba) and Blog de Lima Gay.

And finally, there is a new entry in the form of a blog/online magazine called xQsí Magazine, which is based in the United States and shows great potential. I would say that of all the blogs listed above, it’s probably the one that most overlaps the subject matter on my blog.

You are one of the most heard voices in the Latino LGBT community in New York, the whole country maybe. Do you feel some kind of responsibility for this? To be sincere, I am often unaware of the true reach of a blog. When someone actually recognizes you on the street and tells you they are a fan of Blabbeando it kinda floors you. But I don’t often think about that when I write. I do get the sense that most people who read my blog posts are not necessarily habitual readers. Most stumble upon it from other sites but once they come back a second or third time they realize I am providing information that is unique to U.S. English-language media and they become habitual readers.

In some ways, I think there is a novelty factor for readers when they read my posts on Blabbeando and find out about the tremendous advances that have taken place on LGBT rights in Latin America over the last fifteen years. It challenges deeply ingrained stereotypes that Latinos and Latin America, as a whole, are extremely homophobic. It’s not that homophobia does not exist in the region or in Latin American culture but you rarely see reporting showing these advances.

When it starts getting tricky is when others start recognizing you as an influential blogger and you start getting all sort of pitches that are not particularly relevant to the topics I cover on the blog. Most come from companies who probably see the Latino community as a marketing opportunity and see my blog as a way to reach a specific segment of that community. When it comes down to it, what they actually want is free advertising, and yet when you mention advertising opportunities on the blog you never hear from them again.

You do feel a sense of responsibility when it comes to regular readers and people who come looking for exclusive information. In that sense, I do feel pressure to be as accurate as I am able to be when breaking news and to correct myself when I get things wrong. Also, for a while I tried to be snarky and gossipy because I felt readers would enjoy it, but ultimately it wasn’t my style. I ended up erasing a few posts where I felt I had dished out at a couple of celebrities. It just made me feel dirty. Others do gossip much better than I do.

There has been some criticism that I haven’t covered a number of Latino LGBT stories out there on the one hand, or, on the other, that I have abandoned my roots as an independent blogger as the blog has grown in influence. From the start, I have followed some personal guidelines and mostly focused on unreported stories which often means that if a story is being covered by other blogs out there with larger readerships or by mainstream media, there’s not a lot more I feel I can ad to it.

Blogging is also not something I do for a living so it would be impossible to cover every single thing. As of late, I think that has been on my mind as I mull whether to change the blog format or eliminate some of the more personal posts that have little to do with LGBT Latino issues. But, for now, it seems to appeal to many folks out there and I’m not sure I would have much interest in turning the blog into a 24/7 news source.

I think you see a lot of long-time bloggers wrestle with issues as well and I have seen a lot of bloggers I used to read abandon the blogging format and embrace micro-blogging sites like Twitter and Tumblr. But I still believe there is a healthy environment for older blogs and new blogs out there, particularly if you have a distinct voice.

Which issues are a priority for the Latino LGBT community in New York and the U.S.? The same as the general Latino community in New York and the United States: employment and economic security, immigration reform and access to education and healthcare. Sometimes the question about community “priorities” bothers me –and I know you didn’t mean it that way– because it’s usually code speak for ‘your priority is not important, my priority is’. I am a huge believer in chewing gum and walking at the same time –at least metaphorically because I don’t like gum– and believe we can advocate and work towards several goals at the same time.

What do you think of Colombia’s Constitutional Court’s recent decision on same-sex marriage? What will happen? You know? I don’t think I have even blogged about it and perhaps it’s because I was so frustrated with the decision. At first look, it seemed the Constitutional Court had passed the buck to congress by determining that it was indeed constitutional to define marriage as that between “a man and a woman” and ordering congress to address the legal vacuum facing same-sex partners within two years. But it later emerged that the court had determined for the first time ever that a same-sex partnership should indeed be recognized as a family unit deserving of the same legal rights as married heterosexual couples.

Afraid that the ruling had left a window wide open, conservative legislators rushed to introduce bills to ban any legal recognition of same-sex partnerships, upon which the President of the Constitutional Court spoke up and clarified that the ruling indeed meant that any measure banning recognition of same-sex partnership rights would be unconstitutional. He said that the Court had ordered congress to find a way to extend legal protections to same-sex couples within two years, not to seek ways to ignore or ban them, and that if congress failed to act within that period, same-sex couples were in their right to formalize their relationship by simply registering their partnerships at notaries.

Some Colombian LGBT advocates have called it a complete triumph. They don’t expect a conservative-leaning congress to ever come to terms with granting legal rights to same-sex partners and argue that this means marriage for same-sex couples two years from now. As the pessimist I have always been, I worry that the two year window will allow congress to find a way to create some sort of legal definition granting limited rights to same-sex couples that falls way short or marriage equality and, even if they don’t, that marriage equality will not necessarily be the end result when two years have gone and there hasn’t been any congressional resolution. It’s a mess of a decision and puts the decision on our rights in the hands of legislators who will work their best to grant us something less than equality.

*Tengo un crush con Nuevallorrrr was EnriqueTorreMolina.com‘s original name.


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